How To Gain Weight During Pregnancy?
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How much should my weight gain in pregnancy?
Increasing weight during pregnancy is quite normal! To give your baby the best start of life, your body grows and there are many changes in it. Extra weight in the body comes from the following places:
- At birth, the average weight of the baby is between 2.8 to 3.3 kilograms.
- During pregnancy, the muscular layer of your uterus grows rapidly and its weight increases by an additional 0.9 kilograms.
- The placenta which infuses baby is 0.5 kg in weight.
- The weight of your breasts increases by 0.4 kilograms.
- Blood volume increases and body weight increases to 1.2 kilograms.
- There is extra fluid in your body and there is an amniotic fluid all around the baby. They weigh about 2.6 kilograms.
- You will store some extra fat during pregnancy so that you can get extra energy during breastfeeding. It weighs around 2.5 kilograms.
Therefore, by the end of pregnancy, your weight can be 10.5 to 11 kg higher than the level before getting pregnant. This is the average weight gain during pregnancy, but undoubtedly you are not an average woman, nor any other woman is average.
Our pregnancy weight gain estimator can give you more personalized estimates of how much weight your pregnancy can increase.
How much weight should be increased in your pregnancy, it will depend on how much your weight was before getting pregnant. Or how much your body mass index (BMI) was (see below).
Will my weight be taken in pregnancy?
Yes, your weight will be measured in every appointment with the doctor. Doctors will note that your weight increases slowly If you suddenly get too much weight, this may be a sign of pre-eclampsia. Your weight gain will also point towards the fact that you are taking enough food.
However, your weight gain can also indicate signs about the development of the baby, but better estimates can be made from how much your BMI measurement was before getting pregnant according to your weight gain. It is advised that your doctor will calculate your BMI during your first pre-delivery appointment.
Calculation of Your Body Mass Index (BMI)
For calculating your BMI, the doctor needs to know your stature (in meters) and your weight (kg). If you want to calculate your own BMI, you can do it in the following way:
1. Multiply your height in the meter with your height in meters. For example, by multiplying 1.6 by 1.6, 2.56 comes.
2. Now share your weight in this figure. In this way, if your weight is 60 kg, then your BMI 60 divided by 2.56 is the figure that is 23.43.
You can also calculate this with the help of our BMI calculator.
You can classify your BMI in the following way:
BMI of less than 18.5 – Underweight weight (underweight)
BMI of 18.5 to 22.9 – BMI equal to or greater than ideal
23– Overweight (overweight)
equal to or greater than 25 BMI – excess weight to normal (OBIS)
Gaining weight in your BMI and pregnancy
Experts now recommend that women should aim to gain weight according to the BMI before they get pregnant.
- If your BMI was less than 19.8, then you should aim to increase weight between 12.5 to 18 kg
- If your BMI was between 19.8 and 26, then you should increase weight between 11.5 and 16 kg.
- If your BMI was higher than 26, then you should only increase the weight of seven to 11.5 kg.
If you are under 20 years of age, then you should try to increase your weight in the topmost range according to BMI prior to your pregnancy.
What if my weight is high and I am pregnant?
Before pregnant women who have a high BMI should try to control weight gain during pregnancy. Increasing weight gain increases the risk of developing low health problems:
- High blood pressure (high blood pressure)
- Gestational diabetes mellitus
- Pain in the legs and the varicose veins
- Excessive fatigue
- Birth of a big baby
Nonetheless, do not limit your diet. Research shows that the possibility of having high blood pressure or pre-eclampsia is not less when pregnant women overweight or who are weighing heavily in the first four or five months of pregnancy, taking low-calorie diets.
This type of diet will not be beneficial for your baby too. Instead, consult your doctor about the consumption of a balanced and nutritious diet.
This will ensure that you and your baby are happy and healthy even if you do not grow. It is better that you keep taking a normal, balanced diet and do not eat colas, snacks, biscuits, cakes, desserts, and ice cream. These are not nutritious.
What if my weight is low and I am pregnant?
If your weight is lower than normal, then it is better that you increase your weight even before you get pregnant. Having less weight than normal can be difficult for you to conceive. If you are pregnant, then your baby may be born small. Small babies can have many health problems at times.
Talk to your doctor if you are pregnant, and your weight is low. They will be able to give advice on the best diet for you and your baby.
What if I am diabetic and I am pregnant?
If you have diabetes, then it is even more important that you start your pregnancy with a healthy BMI. If you are reading this before getting pregnant, then you should consult with your doctor and talk about your diet. If you are already pregnant, then you will need to take extra precautions to keep your blood glucose levels stable.
So, ask your doctor about a diet that helps you and your baby stay healthy. Most doctors may advise you to go to a dietician. Dieticians may call special diet plans for pregnant women with diabetes.
Control your weight during pregnancy
In fact, you only need to eat food wisely. However, the latest research shows that a pregnant mother only needs 200 extra calories per day in her last quarter. But most doctors recommend taking 300 extra calories per day in the second and third quarters. Find out “how much extra calories you need in pregnancy” On Google.
A proper diet includes five parts of fruit and vegetables each day and food from all the main food groups:
- Protein: 10 percent of your calorie protein should be met, like meat, fish, egg, and pulses
- Dairy Products: About 35 percent of your calories should be met from dairy products such as butter, milk, cheese, cheese and oils and nuts (fat). If your weight is higher than normal, then they should be consumed in small amounts. Low fat spreads and yogurt can be eaten.
- Carbohydrates: Around 55 percent of your calorie (the most part) should be mixed with chapati, rice, bread, pasta, potato and cereals (carbohydrates). Products of whole grains are better than products made from flour because they keep your blood glucose levels stable and you will not get much hungry.
Occasionally there is no harm in eating chocolate or ice cream, but keep in mind that the excess weight you gain during pregnancy increases, this growth is clearly visible after the birth of a baby and it is easy for you to lose weight in the early months of motherhood. Will not done.
How many calories you need, will depend on the following things:
Your current weight
How active are you
Your Body Structure and Genetics
Gestational diabetes or you have diabetes before pregnancy