[pregnancy guide] Characteristics, Precautions And Tips For Each Month

Pregnancy in October is a difficult time for pregnant women. They always worry about the little baby in the stomach. What are the things that need to be paid attention to in each month after pregnancy?

First month of pregnancy

◎ The first month of pregnancy refers to the time within four weeks from the first day of the last menstrual period.

◎ Physiological characteristics:

If the pregnant woman’s menstrual cycle is 28-30 days, the sperm is combined at the second weekend of pregnancy. About 4 days after fertilization, the spermatozoa that divide into cell clusters reach the uterus along the fallopian tubes. In the third week, the cell mass was removed from the outer membrane and prepared for implantation. In the fourth week, the embryo is firmly planted into the uterus. From the third trimester to the first month of pregnancy, it is called the fetal bud period. The fetal bud is 0. 5-1 cm and looks like a small hippocampus.

◎Precautions for pregnant women:

Most pregnant women did not respond during the first month of pregnancy.

The first month is when the neural tube, limbs, and eyes begin to differentiate. At this time, once harmful substances are encountered, the cells of these tissues and organs stop developing and become incomplete and deformed.

Do not go to places where people, such as flu, rubella, and infectious hepatitis, are exposed to places where people, such as theaters, dance halls, and shops, gather. Try not to take medicine. Both viruses and drugs can affect your baby’s development.

Keep away from electromagnetic pollution, keep a certain distance when listening to audio and watching TV. Try to use computers, microwave ovens, mobile phones, etc. as little as possible. When the heating is just stopped, pregnant women should not sleep on the electric blanket because it can generate electromagnetic fields, which is harmful to pregnant women and fetuses.

Avoid drinking strong tea, espresso and cola-type drinks. The ideal drink for pregnant women is plain water.

Washing should use soap, it is not suitable to use washing powder; dishwashing should use detergent without harmful substances.

You must wash your hands after cutting raw meat. When cooking, eating mutton, etc., you must fry the meat thoroughly. In order to prevent the toxoplasma protozoa in the raw meat from infecting the fetus.

Do not immerse your hands in cold water with rice and vegetables. Cold stimulation may cause abortion. Households without water heaters need to buy a few pairs of rubber gloves.

In the first month of pregnancy, the baby needs less nutrients. However, from now on, we must cultivate good eating habits, not picky eaters, not partial eclipse, and maintain a nutritional balance.

◎ Tip:

Continue to supplement folic acid under the guidance of a doctor, which will maximally protect the fertilized egg from malformation.

Second month of pregnancy

◎ Physiological characteristics:

In the second month of pregnancy (5-8 weeks), the germ develops into an embryo.

The embryo has a body and a “tail” that distinguishes the eye, as well as the small shackles on the hands and feet. These little baboons are the fingers and toes of the future. This month is the period of differentiation and formation of most organs of the fetus, so it is also called the stage of embryonic organ formation. At the 5th week of pregnancy, the neural tube of the embryo gradually forms. These neural tubes will develop into brain and spine in the future.

About 7 weeks of gestation, the fetus is 2-3 cm long and weighs about 4 grams. It has grown hands and feet. The eyes, ears and mouth are also roughly visible. The face is initially like a person.

◎Precautions for pregnant women:

After the fifth week, the embryo enters the stage of organ differentiation, and the susceptibility is the greatest. It is still crucial to avoid viruses, toxic chemicals and radiation.

If you have a menstrual period of 7 days, you should go to the hospital to confirm whether you are pregnant.

The early pregnancy reaction starts from 4-7 weeks of gestation, and the time, symptoms and extent of the reaction vary from person to person.

A small number of pregnant women responded seriously, 80% of pregnant women responded, and some pregnant women did not respond.

Pregnancy reactions generally manifest as nausea, loss of appetite, vomiting on an empty stomach, dizziness, fatigue, and can not smell oily smoke or odor. These reactions will naturally disappear after three months of pregnancy.

Increase your sleep time by one hour every day and pay attention to rest.

Ensure plenty of oxygen and walk for an hour in the greenery or in the trees every day.

It is very important to be happy. Although you and your baby’s nervous system are not directly related, but there are blood substances and endocrine communication, your emotional changes will cause changes in certain chemicals.

In the diet, you should choose a light and delicious and digestible food. At this point, you can eat as much as you can, and you don’t have to worry too much about nutrition.

Be careful not to lack water, so that the toxic substances in the body can be discharged from the urine in time.

During this period, threatened abortion and spontaneous abortion are most likely to occur, and hard action should be avoided.

◎ Tip:

To overcome the pregnancy reaction, the role of the husband is indispensable. Being more caring, caring, caring for your wife and keeping your wife in a good mood is the best way to help your wife overcome the pregnancy reaction.

Third month of pregnancy

◎ Physiological characteristics:

The third month of pregnancy refers to the four weeks from the ninth week.

By the tenth week, the embryonic period is over and enters the fetal period. The fingers and toes are clearly visible, the placenta begins to form, and the umbilical cord is gradually longer. By the eleventh weekend, the uterus of a pregnant woman had the size of a fist, and if it was pressed around the uterus, it could feel its presence. At this time, the sexual organs of the fetus are formed.

The body of the fetus grows one millimeter a day and is nine millimeters long by the end of the third month.

In the third month, the early pregnancy reaction is intensified, and the enlarged uterus compresses the bottom of the bladder, which causes frequent urination. Around 12 weeks of gestation, the uterus goes beyond the pelvic cavity into the abdominal cavity, and the bladder pressure is relieved, and the urinary frequency phenomenon will improve.

◎Precautions for pregnant women:

This month is still the most teratogenic period of the fetus. Pregnant mothers are wary of various viruses and chemical poisons.

If your appetite is not good, you should eat well, eat more protein-rich things and fresh fruits and vegetables. Make it light and refreshing.

If you have a bad vomit, go to the hospital for examination and the infusion treatment is very effective.

If you feel backache and low back pain, you can eat some gelatin, and add 10 grams of gelatin and steam to the right amount of sugar. Or take a few days of Liu Wei Di Huang Wan, twice a day, once a pill. Generally speaking, normal pregnancy

Women do not have the feeling of low back pain, mostly signs of threatened abortion, should be paid attention to, timely treatment.

To ensure adequate sleep, it is best to sleep for one to two hours every day at noon.

Under the influence of a large amount of estrogen in the body, from this month, there are some changes in the oral cavity, such as hyperemia of the gums, edema, hypertrophy of the gingival papilla, and easy bleeding. It is called gingivitis in medicine. Pregnant women should insist on brushing their teeth early and late, and gargle to prevent bacteria from propagating in the mouth.

When the temperature is right, you should walk to the park and green space for one hour every day.

After mosquito bites, avoid applying cool oil.

◎ Tip:

The supplement of folic acid should last until the end of the third month.

At the end of this month, you should go to the designated hospital in the street office to apply for a perinatal health manual, so that you can conduct regular prenatal examinations in the future.

Fourth month of pregnancy

◎ Physiological characteristics:

The fourth month of pregnancy refers to the four weeks from the beginning of the thirteenth gestational week.

At this time, the eyes, ears and nose of the fetus have been completely formed. The placenta is also mature, and the mother and the fetus are closely integrated.

The dangerous period of abortion is basically over, and this month to July is the most stable period.

By the time the fetus is over 16 weeks, it is about 18 centimeters long, almost as big as the mother’s palm, and weighs about 120 grams. The fetus is soaked in the amniotic fluid, just like the astronauts in space, fluttering back and forth.

◎Precautions for pregnant women:

In the fourth month, the early pregnancy reaction disappeared.

You need to increase your nutrition, ensure the quality of your food, and balance your nutrition. A variety of nutrients are commonly absorbed from a variety of foods. The protein, calcium, iron and other components that play an important role in the blood, meat and bones of the fetus are much larger than usual. Due to the action of vitamins and calcium, vitamin D, which promotes bone growth, is four times more common than usual. The heat only needs to increase by five to ten percent.

The fourth month is the period of the baby’s long roots. You should eat more calcium-containing foods and let the children grow strong roots in the tires. Pay attention to eating less food containing white sugar, because white sugar has the side effect of consumption of calcium, and it is easy to cause weight gain.

You can choose brown sugar. The content of calcium in brown sugar is twice that of the same amount of white sugar. Iron is twice as much as white sugar, and there are many nutrients needed by the human body. Beneficial, supplemental, food and spleen warm stomach.

Eat less salty foods, salt absorption too much, will cause edema and pregnancy poisoning in the later stage.

Cooling drink.

Do not use the electric fan for a long time in the summer, and do not stay too long in an air-conditioned room.

After the increase in the amount of food, it is easy to constipation. Prevention of constipation should eat more coarse grains and crude fiber and fruit vegetables, drink more water, and more activities. You can also drink some yogurt and honey to play a laxative effect. Do not abuse laxatives, which may cause uterine contractions leading to miscarriage and premature birth.

It is best to take a shower every day. Do not take too cold or overheat in the bath, 34 ~ 35 ° C is appropriate, you should choose a shower or a bath.

Underwear should choose a cotton fabric that is permeable and hygroscopic, and change it every day. Experiments have shown that chemical fiber bras are an important cause of postpartum milk water.

◎ Tip:

You should go to the hospital for a trace element check to supplement the missing elements.

A good mood is the first step in prenatal education.

Fifth month of pregnancy

◎ Physiological characteristics:

The fifth month of pregnancy refers to four weeks after the seventeenth gestational week. In this period, the motor and sensory nerves of the fetus begin to develop, and the microscopic activity of the muscle appears.

The liver begins to hematopoiesis, the whole body begins to grow hair, and the hair and nails grow out. The fetus is 23 to 25 cm in length and weighs 250 to 300 grams.

The bulge of the lower abdomen of pregnant women began to appear.

Fetal movements are felt during the 18-20 weeks of gestation.

◎Precautions for pregnant women:

When the fetal movement just appeared, it seems that the intestines are crawling. At this time, the fetal movement is not very active, and it may not be felt every day. It is not necessary to panic because one day does not feel fetal movement.

Pay attention to your weight. The average weight of women in pregnancy is increased by 10 to 12.5 kg. Maternal obesity is easy to induce diabetes, pregnancy poisoning, etc., causing abnormal fetal development.

If you have the conditions, prepare a weight scale at home and weigh it once a week. In the second trimester, the weight gain per week does not exceed 500 grams.

The enlarged uterus makes you have to sleep in the lateral position, especially on the left side. However, a single left lateral position will stress the heart, so proper left and right alternation is necessary.

In order to turn over, it is not appropriate to sleep in a soft bed.

Itching may occur due to changes in hormones in the body after pregnancy. Itching is a common physiological phenomenon in pregnant women. It does not require special treatment and will disappear after the child is born. Frequent bathing, changing underwear, avoiding irritating food, ensuring adequate sleep, and ensuring smooth stools all help to reduce itching.

The phenomenon of leg cramps is mainly caused by calcium deficiency in the blood of pregnant women.

Pregnant women with butterfly-shaped “pregnancy spots” on their faces should wear a visor when they go out.

This month’s prenatal checkup should be done to understand the size of the fetus, activity, heart rate, amniotic fluid volume, placental position, organ development and so on.

◎ Tip:

Remember to go to the prenatal class, the class has a maternity hospital host, or a maternal and child health organization, and attend classes with many expectant mothers, will increase your confidence.

Sixth month of pregnancy

◎ Physiological characteristics:

The sixth month after the 20th week of pregnancy.

In this issue, the fetus has grown hair, eyebrows, and eyelashes. The bones have grown very strong, but they have no subcutaneous fat, so they are very lean. The fetus can freely move the position of the body in ample amniotic fluid, and can even “take a big top” with a big head down.

The surface of the skin begins to adhere to the fetal fat.

The fetus is about 30 cm long and weighs about 650 grams.

The belly of a pregnant woman is close to the shape of a typical pregnant woman. The bottom of the uterus is 18 to 21 cm high.

◎Precautions for pregnant women:

Should wear a loose belly maternity clothing. The fabrics are made of soft, breathable, hygroscopic silk and cotton fabrics. It is not suitable to use chemical fiber fabrics.

Because calcium and other ingredients are ingested by the fetus, you sometimes have toothache or stomatitis, pay attention to oral hygiene.

In this period, some pregnant women may have swelling on the surface of the feet or calves. Standing, sitting for too long or the belt is too tight, the edema will increase. Generally, edema is not accompanied by high blood pressure and urine protein, which is a normal phenomenon after pregnancy.

If the edema gradually worsens, go to the hospital for examination.

Pay attention to prevent constipation, eat more foods containing crude fiber, such as green leafy vegetables, fruits, etc., should also drink plenty of water, drink at least six cups of boiling water a day. Pregnant women with edema should drink less water at night and drink enough during the day.

Urinary tract infection is prevalent during pregnancy. Drinking plenty of water is an effective way to ensure smooth flow of urine.

Experiments have shown that the fetus of six months of pregnancy has the ability to remember, listen and learn. You can start music prenatal education. Ensure adequate sleep, proper activities and good nutritional supplements. The most important thing is to maintain a happy mood.

◎ Tip:

Introduce several therapeutic regimens for pregnancy edema:

Tip 1: 100 grams of squid slices cook into the porridge and add salt, monosodium glutamate, onion, ginger a little.

Tip 2: 30 grams of red bean, with porridge 30 grams of porridge and add a spoonful of sugar.

Tip 3: 250 grams of melon decoction twice a day

Seventh month of pregnancy

◎ Physiological characteristics:

During this period, the fetal eyelids are open and there are already eyelashes.

The brain of the fetus is also developed, and the sensory system is also developed significantly. The eyes of the fetus are sensitive to the light and darkness of the light, and the hearing is also developed. However, the auditory development is completed until the eighth month of pregnancy. It is 35-38 cm long and weighs about 1000 grams.

The pregnant woman is about 26 cm high.

◎Precautions for pregnant women:

Ensure enough sleep. The mother’s pituitary gland in sleep will continue to produce hormones that promote fetal growth.

The quality of food is important, and it is advisable to supply animal food and legumes. Promote the diversity of food.

To learn abdominal breathing, it can deliver sufficient oxygen to the fetus. The correct posture is: a small cushion on the back, straighten your knees, relax your body, and gently put your hand on your stomach. Then start abdominal breathing, inhale with your nose until the stomach swells up; when exhaling, narrow your mouth, slowly and forcefully stick to the end, spit out all the air in your body, pay attention to exhalation, than inhale Time to force, slowly spit. Do it more than three times a day.

This period of prenatal education should continue to listen to music to the fetus. In addition, rubbing your abdomen is also a good method of prenatal education. The action of strokes is touched, shaken, squatted or patted, etc., 3 to 4 times a day, when you can touch the fetal head, back and limbs, you can gently tap. At the same time as the stroke, talking to the fetus is more beneficial to the fetus.

The father should also participate in the stroke and dialogue of the fetus. Breast cleansing and massage are required. In this period, the pregnant woman’s feet are easy to swell. When sleeping, it is best to raise the feet slightly.

◎ Tip:

Avoid taking things, reaching your hands, standing up, and so on.

To prevent constipation, you should drink milk and water every morning and eat more fruits and fiber.

Eighth month of pregnancy

◎ Physiological characteristics:

At this time, the fetus is nearing maturity and can survive even outside the mother’s body.

His small body showed a small piece of muscle, his legs were squatting and squatting, and the fetal movement was much stronger than before. The auditory system is fully developed at this time. By the 30th gestational week, you can see the brain waves of the fetal brain. At this point, the fetal consciousness activity began to sprout. The head of the fetus slowly moves below the uterus to make a living preparation.

The fetus is about 40 cm in length and weighs 1800 grams.

The height of the uterus of pregnant women reaches 25 to 27 cm.

◎Precautions for pregnant women:

In the third trimester, beware of pregnancy poisoning.

The main manifestations of pregnancy poisoning are: edema, proteinuria, and high blood pressure. Controlling weight, maintaining a balanced diet and adequate sleep are effective measures to prevent this.

You can use the fetal movement to monitor your baby’s home. Each hour and night is measured for one hour, and the three figures are added and multiplied by four to represent the number of fetal movements for twelve hours. Normal between 30 and 100 times.

If the fetal movement is less than 3 times per hour or more than half of the previous day, it indicates that the fetus has hypoxia in the uterus and should go to the hospital for emergency treatment.

To prevent nipple splitting during breastfeeding, scrub the nipple often and apply some oil.

A confident attitude towards breastfeeding will be a basic guarantee for the success of postpartum breastfeeding.

Eat more protein with higher nutritional value, foods containing minerals and vitamins. To control the intake of fat and starchy foods, so as to prevent the fetus from becoming overweight, it will bring difficulties to childbirth.

Wipe the liquid vitamin E or oil on the abdomen to increase the elasticity of the abdominal skin and reduce the appearance of the pregnancy line.

Don’t be lazy, let your days go.

◎ Tip:

Introduce several ways to eliminate muscle tension during childbirth and practice for half an hour every day.

Shallow Breathing – Lying flat like a childbirth, lips open slightly, breathing in the same way as inhaling and breathing. This method is used to relieve abdominal tension.

Short Breathing – Like a childbirth, put your hands together and concentrate on your body for several short breaths. In order to concentrate the abdominal strength, the head of the fetus is slowly delivered.

Muscle relaxation method – elbows and knees flex hard, then straighten and relax. This is an exercise that uses the difference in muscle tension to relax the muscles.

Ninth month of pregnancy

◎ Physiological characteristics:

The ninth month refers to the four gestational weeks after thirty-two weeks of gestation.

At this point, some parts of the fetal brain are not yet mature, but they are quite developed. For external stimuli, he or she not only uses the whole body to move, but also reacts with facial expressions, with expressions that like or hate.

This month’s fetus responds to light from outside the mother’s body.

Every part of the body of the fetus is mature, the body becomes round and the skin is shiny. It is about 45 cm in length and weighs about 2,500 grams.

In the ninth month of pregnancy, the bottom of the palace is about 30 centimeters.

◎Precautions for pregnant women:

The growing abdomen makes you feel flustered and your stomach is full. Pay attention to not eating too much at one time, eating less and eating more, and eating snacks is also part of your diet.

The gentle light that is not glare can enhance the rhythm of the fetal brain’s response to light and dark, and promote the development and maturation of the brain. It is recommended that the future dad move the future mother’s abdomen with a flashlight to train the baby’s sensitivity to light.

As the abdomen expands, digestive function continues to decline, making it more likely to cause constipation. Eat more potatoes, seaweed and vegetables with more fiber.

The heavy body aggravates the burden on the leg muscles, cramps and pains, and you can massage your legs or raise your feet before going to bed.

Many pregnant women have low back pain, don’t mind too much, and naturally heal after childbirth.

You may often suffer from insomnia due to mental fatigue and restlessness, as well as factors such as fetal movement and restricted sleeping posture. You don’t have to worry about it, you can’t sleep and just read a book, and you can sleep peacefully and naturally.

It is still far from the expected date of birth, but there are many pains like contractions, or bleeding. This is the symptom of premature birth. You should go to the hospital immediately.

It’s time to arrange a family, because you may be hospitalized at any time. Don’t let the family be caught off guard because the housewife is not there.

It’s time to sprint. Don’t use your stomach as an excuse to indulge yourself and eat and sleep. The right amount of exercise will help you to give birth smoothly.

◎ Tip:

Eating more vegetables is easy to cause too much salt. You may try to make vegetable salad or fry the vegetables, put radish puree, and eat lemon juice.